Migraine: What causes it and how to treat it?


Migraine is something that most people live with, but don’t know much about. Migraines are a very specific type of headache, and the causes and treatments are incredibly varied because there’s so many different types. This article looks at migraines in general – what these types of headaches actually are and what causes them to happen – as well as how to effectively treat migraines when they do occur.

What Causes Migraine

Migraine is a type of headache disorder that originates from an over-production of certain brain chemicals. This causes severe pain and sensitivity to light, sound, or even smell. Migraine affects about 34 million Americans every year and costs about $36 billion annually in healthcare costs. Migraine can happen as a result of many factors including: dehydration, sleep deprivation, stress, anxiety, hormonal changes, insufficient blood supply to the brain and even air pollution.

How to Prevent Migraine

To avoid migraine, one has to take care of their head. There are many ways that people can reduce the risk of getting these headaches. Some individuals will chose to alter their sleeping hours, while others will use medication or therapy. In the event that someone is experiencing a headache, the key is to stop what one is doing and rest for a few hours after it passes.

How to Treat Migraine

If you suffer from a migraine, it’s important to know how to treat this common condition. In addition to medications, there are natural remedies that can help. Here are some suggestions for what you might want to try:
– Reduce or eliminate caffeine and alcohol intake
– Avoid triggers such as bright lights, loud noises, and specific foods
– Ensure you have enough sleep every night



It is a common, often severe headache with mild to moderate pain. It may last several hours and goes away by itself without treatment. It is typically experienced on one side of the head and can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light or sound. Migraines are often linked to changes in brain activity